This is a list of commands, that I found useful for me.
git clone [repo url] # Fetches a repository locally. This is the git setup.
git checkout [branch name] # Do this to change to your branch. If you play with many branches and windows, do this after every window swap/file change or you will accidentally commit to the wrong branch (see below how to fix...).
git branch # show available branches and current branch.
git branch [branch name] # Creates a new branch from the current checked out branch. (see git checkout above). Important, check before from which branch you are branching!
git push --set-upstream origin <branch name> # Pushes new branch including commits to remote.
git add * # Add new files to your local repository. Commit afterwards (below).
git commit * # Commit your file changes locally before a push. Replace * with a file name if required.
git push # this pushes all your changes from local to remote. Commit all your changes before that (see above). Also see git push -f below.
git pull # get remote changes into your local repository
git tag <tag name> # creates a tag locally. See below to push. Tags do not need to be committed.
git push origin --tags # push local tags to remote
git tag -d <tag name> # deletes a tag locally. You might also need to delete it remotely (see below).
git log # shows all commits of the current branch.
git remote add upstream <upstream repo> # Add a different upstream repo to your local repo. Not sure if upstream is a given name or git function.
git fetch --all # retrieves available remote branches.
git checkout -b <new branch> upstream/master # create a new branch from a different one.
git push -u origin <new branch> # pushes a branch remote
git push --delete origin # deletes remote tags. See local tagging above.
git cherry-pick <commit> # [local] import commits from other branches. Make sure you checkout to the destination branch first (see above).
git reset HEAD # [local] revert current branch to last commit status.
git reset HEAD~1 --hard # [local] revert last commit. Follow this by a "git push -f" to push remote, if required. Combine with "git log". Note, this also deletes local changes.
git reset HEAD~1 --soft # [local] revert last commit. Follow this by a "git push -f" to push remote, if required. Combine with "git log". Note, this keeps local changes.
git reset --hard <commit> # [local] reverts to this commit. All commits after this one will be dropped. Follow this by a "git push -f" to push remote, if required. Combine with "git log". Note, this keeps local changes.
git rebase -i <older commit> # after a git log. Allows you to play with all future commits (drop, squash, fix, reorder, edit etc.). git push -f afterwards.